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Items: 500K+ Coins
Skill: 52 summoning, 45 magic
Hard leather is used to train Crafting in free-to-play, and it has big demand in runescape market. Because it must be tanned before it can be crafted, tanning cowhide into hard leather can be quite profitable at times. Because the price difference between hides and leather can be fairly small, it is important to buy the hides for a low price and sell the leather for a high price; you can lose out on up to 50% of the profit if you are not patient. Test the profit by buying one hard leather and one cowhide, making sure that the prices are good enough that you will make a decent profit. Tanning dragonhide map To create hard leather, cowhide must be taken to a tanner. Ellis, in Al-Kharid, is the quickest tanner, and there are no requirements to use him. Withdraw 28 cowhides from the bank south of the tanner and 3 coins in your money pouch for each hide you want to tan. Run north into Ellis's building and right-click tan hides. Tan them all, and run back to the bank. Each run takes about 25 seconds while running, and 45 seconds while walking. This averages out to about 2,800 hides tanned per hour.
If you have 52 Summoning and are a member, you can use the Spirit terrorbird's Tireless run special ability to continually restore your run energy so you never have to walk. This requires a Spirit terrorbird pouch and approximately 100 Tireless run scrolls per hour. These costs are negligible, but it reduces the number of hides tanned per inventory by one. Without resorting to walking, you can tan up to 3,600 hides per hour, for an hourly profit of 226,800.
If you run out of cowhides, you may buy some more, but if you don't wish to spend money but you do have at least 45 Magic, you may use the Chain ability to kill more cows at once. This method makes players take less time killing cows and increases their profit per hour. Using an air mindspike or an air staff would make this process more profitable because casting air spells such as Wind Bolt or Wind Blast only requires air runes and a magic weapon.
Tanning soft leather instead is a good alternative if the price of hard leather is not high enough. While hard leather is usually more expensive (currently 313 vs. 336), soft leather is often easier to sell on the Grand Exchange.